Isaac Newton, (January 4, 1643 (December 25, 1642) ”March 31, 1727 (March 20, 1727) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor, philosopher and chemist. It is considered to be the most influential scientist in history. The scientific revolution and scientific method are named after him. His father, a farmer, died three months before Newton was born. Writing to King’s School in Grantham at the age of twelve Newton, […]
Isaac Newton, (January 4, 1643 (December 25, 1642)” March 31, 1727 (March 20, 1727) English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, inventor, philosopher and chemist. It is considered to be the most influential scientist in history. The scientific revolution and the scientific method are named after him.
His father, a farmer, died three months before Newton was born. Newton, who enrolled at King’s School in Grantham at the age of twelve, graduated in 1661. That same year he entered Trinity College at Cambridge University. He received his undergraduate degree from this school in April 1665. The university was closed due to the plague epidemic that spread while he was starting his graduate studies.
Taking shelter in his mother’s farm for protection from the epidemic, Newton made his most important discoveries during the two years he spent here.
Because of his timidity, Newton published many of these breakthrough discoveries many years later (for example, derivative and integral calculus 38 years later).
After completing his graduate study the following year, Newton was at Cambridge University in 1669, at the age of 27. He was made a professor of mathematics. He built the first mirror telescope in 1671, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society the following year. When his paper on the phenomenon of color, which he submitted to the Royal Society, was criticized, especially by Robert Hooke, Newton fell completely withdrawn and cut off his relationship with the scientific world.
In 1675, two papers on optics led to new discussions. Hooke argued that some of the results in the articles were his own invention, and that Newton claimed them. As a result of all these discussions and criticisms, Newton, who fell into a mental depression in 1678, returned to his scientific studies six years later, only with the efforts of his close friend, the famous astronomer and mathematician Edmond Halley.
He tried to spread and dominate Catholicism at Cambridge University. Newton, who led the resistance movement against him, was elected as the representative of the university in the parliament in 1689 after the king was dropped.
Although he regained his health after a two-year rest period, he was not interested in scientific work in his next life. Later, he was elected a foreign member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1699 and president of the Royal Society in 1703.
Considered one of the greatest scientists of the past, Newton made very important discoveries in mathematics and physics. He found the general binomial theorem in mathematics, which gives the expression (a + b) to the exponential series. Newton’s greatest contribution to science is in the field of mechanics. He put forward the law of gravity by taking together the laws of centrifugal force and the laws of Kepler. The principle of inertia known as Newton’s laws of motion, the law that states that force is equal to the product of mass and acceleration, and the equality of action and response are among the most important laws of physics. had to throw. He himself knew that these assumptions were wrong, but he had to use them.
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