CERN is starting experiments before the big collision. The atomic particle collider device, which took years to build, has come to the use phase. The first experiment will be held on September 10; With subsequent experiments, small black holes will be created in the universe. The European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN), which is investigating the secrets of the formation of the universe, has once again thrown for the big bang experiment. The center is capable of operating the subatomic particle collider device that took years to build […]
CERN is starting experiments before the big collision. The atomic particle collider device, which took years to build, has come to the use phase. The first experiment will be held on September 10; With further experiments, small black holes will be created in the universe.
The European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN), which is investigating the secrets of the formation of the universe, has once again thrown for the big bang experiment. Central, construction years of subatomic particles that reached a level that can run the colliding devices and announced the first try will be held on September 10.
participating in research at CERN from Turkey, one of the 50 scientists and a time before returning to Turkey TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Physics Department academic staff member Prof.
Saleh Sultansoy followed the scientific developments at CERN and gave information about the experiment.
COMES TO THE COLLECTIVE WORKING PHASE
The reason why CERN has become the focus of the world public opinion is “the engineering wonder of human beings. Emphasizing that the biggest accelerator Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has come to the working phase ”, Sultansoy stated that 4 giant test devices were installed on this collider, which was established in a 27-kilometer tunnel, approximately 100 meters below the ground.
Sultansoy said, “Two of these, ATLAS (A Toroidal LHC ApparatuS) and CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid), are general purpose detectors. The ALICE (A Large Ion Collider Experiment) detector was designed to examine the quark-gluon plasma, the new state of matter, and the LHCb (Large Hadron Collider beauty) experiment was designed to examine the matter-antimatter asymmetry that led to the formation of the universe. ”
EXPERIENCE ON SEPTEMBER 10, AN IMPORTANT STEP WILL BE TAKEN
On August 8, 2008, the first protons from pre-accelerator to main accelerator Reminding that it was transferred successfully, Sultansoy announced on September 10 that the first proton beam will be rotated in the main accelerator.
Sultansoy said that the “subatomic particle collider”, which took years to build, is about to be put into operation.
After this experiment, at the beginning of October, the collision of proton beams with 5 teraelectronvolt (TeV) energy Sultansoy stated that new information about the formation secrets of the universe was planned to be taken from the end of 2009 in the studies at CERN.
Sultansoy said, “According to the latest researches, at the end of the experiments, the possibility of seeing mini black holes emerged at the end of 2009. will be released.
Information about the formation of the universe will be available after this date. A big step will also be made in the experiment on September 10. We will see the protons spinning in the main ring of 27 kilometers. ”
THE COOLEST PLACE OF THE UNIVERSE
Stating that the world has a temperature of 300 Kelvin and the universe has a temperature of around 2.7 Kelvin, Sultansoy stated that the system at CERN operates at a temperature of 1.8 Kelvin, “Therefore, CERN is the coldest place in the universe .. This is a marvel of engineering in many ways. As of September 10, we will be in the phase of activating accelerators. ”
Sultansoy said that in the experiment to be held on September 10, journalists from many parts of the world will watch the experiment and share the results with the public.
< Strong> “WHAT WILL BE THE ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES IN CERN?”
Stating that the technologies at CERN focus on three main subjects, Sultansoy said, “accelerator technologies”, “detector technologies” and “ Information technologies ”.
Pointing out that without accelerator technology, almost no future technologies can be created in science and technology, Sultansoy said that detector technologies are used in many fields, especially in the defense industry.
< In the researches at CERN, we have started to develop the most important information technologies in the world and the "Grid" that will enable the common use of many computers worldwide. Sultansoy stated that the most advanced research stages of its technology are also carried out here, and that the Grid is a higher system of the www system and that it is difficult to predict what will happen in the future as a result of this technology.
Sultansoy, “Especially in e-government The foundations of the grid project, which will create a worldwide common computer network, are laid here.
However, in the last three years, with the efforts of the authorities, a great revival has started. ” The massive counterparts stated that the W and Z bosons from the 1980s were among the findings made at CERN, and that they were awarded the Nobel Prize.
After these studies were completed in mid-November, the main goal for the next year is 7 TeV. proton beam of is scheduled to collide transfer Sultansoy, “this is the first information in question be transferred to the summer period physics community in 2009,” he said.
Turkey universities and taek to participate in the research at CERN nearly 50 scientists reminiscent Sultansoy, In addition, 10 scientists from the universities of the USA, England and similar countries were CERN. Stating that he was working for e, he said:
“When we reached this number, Prof.
The result of our struggle under the leadership of Engin Arık and with the support of the Turkish Physical Society. Ten years ago this number did not even reach 10 people. It is necessary to emphasize the support of the Prime Ministry, SPO and TAEK President in recent years. All of them, as well as Turkey, has to be the absolute CERN members. Member countries will be able to benefit from the new technologies emerging at CERN. However, it is not yet clear how much information observer countries will receive. Basic physics-related topics will probably be clear, but it is unclear how much of the information about technologies will be revealed. ”
In the ATLAS experiment at CERN, Boğaziçi and Ankara University, CMS Sultansoy stated that METU, Çukurova and Boğaziçi universities directly participated in his experiment, but some other university members were able to follow the researches at CERN through these four universities, adding the following about the contribution of Turkish researchers to the experiments:
“Two years ago, Doğuş University LHC He participated in the CAST experiment, which is not directly related to the company, and this year’s ALICE experiment at Yıldız Technical University.
However, Boğaziçi and Çukurova groups are actively involved in the studies on Trigger and Data Acqusition-Trigger and Data Detection and the testing of detector elements. However, the Turkish group made important contributions to the preparation of the physics research program of the ATLAS experiment, and in this context, our studies continue in the preparation of data acquisition. ”
Prof. Dr. Saleh Sultansoy stated that Turkish researchers participated in the Compact LInear Collider-Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) project, which is planned to be established at CERN in the 2020s, and for the first time in this context, young scientists and graduate and doctoral students are about one of the most advanced accelerator technologies. He added that they had the opportunity to gain direct experience.