Heart attack is one of the most common causes of death in the world. Nowadays, young people as well as the elderly are at a great risk of heart attack. Because habits such as severe stress, economic situations, unbalanced diet and smoking increase the frequency of heart attack in young people. However, early diagnosis and treatment is a situation that destroys this pessimistic picture. Regarding our life habits […]
Heart attack is one of the most common causes of death in the world. Nowadays, young people as well as the elderly are at a great risk of heart attack. Because habits such as severe stress, economic situations, unbalanced diet and smoking increase the frequency of heart attack in young people.
However, early diagnosis and treatment is a situation that destroys this pessimistic picture. With a few small precautions and controls about our living habits, the risk of heart attack can be prevented by almost 80 percent.
What is Cardiology?
For cardiology, circulation in short We can say that it is a science that examines vascular diseases and our heart.
If we want to list them briefly;
– Cardiovascular diseases,
– Heart failure status,
– Congenital heart diseases,
– Diseases related to heart valves,
– Heart diseases related to muscle,
– Diseases related to the pericardium,
– Hypertension and related heart diseases,
– Disorders related to heart rhythm or conduction system,
– Vascular, ie circulation system disorders,
– Aortic aneurysm,
– Intracardiac masses,
– All patients who have undergone cardiac surgery are within the scope of cardiology.
Causes of Heart Attack Do you know?
Heart attack, whose medical name is infarction, is a disease that occurs when our cells die as a result of lack of oxygen. Our heart controls our entire circulation, that is, our vascular system. However, when one of our veins is blocked, blood does not go to the area fed by this vein. This area, where blood does not go, starts to be without oxygen and the cells here die. As a result, a heart attack occurs.
In general, heart attacks occur after the hardening of our vascular system over the years depending on age.
Unfortunately, the rate of patients who lost their heart attack before they could come to the health institution is around 20 percent. For this reason, awareness is a prerequisite to reduce this risk for early diagnosis and treatment.
What are the Symptoms of Heart Attack?
K The most common symptom of an alpine attack is severe pain in the chest, as well as shortness of breath, feeling of pressure and irregular heart rhythm. These pains last more than 20 minutes on average. Afterwards, the pain spreads to the left arm as well as the jaw. The general value of numbness in the left arm, which is believed by the public for a heart attack and which occurs alone, is low in predicting a heart attack.
In some cases, especially in crisis situations involving the lower part of the heart, nausea and vomiting are also observed in addition to low blood pressure and rhythm. Often, chest pain is accompanied by cold sweating.
Other symptoms include dizziness, inability to breathe, weakness or fainting.
For this reason, when these symptoms are seen, it is important to consult their doctor or the nearest health institutions without delay.
The occlusion of our veins can be due to genetic and environmental factors as well as medical reasons.
Causes of Heart Attack What are they?
Many reasons from high blood pressure to diabetes, from cholesterol to smoking are the basis of heart attacks. Heart attack has many long or short-term symptoms. Some of them may even be ignored, although they often manifest themselves.
To briefly summarize the situations that increase the risk of heart attack,
– Sleep apnea, which is often manifested by excessive snoring
– Obesity, especially the overweight of the belly
– Poor dental health,
– Excessive smoking,
– Drug use,
– Kidney stones and kidney diseases,
– Stress and depression,
– Irregular and unhealthy diet,
– Excessive and uncontrolled sports,
– Not moving, ie not doing sports,
– High cholesterol,
– High blood pressure,
– Advancing ages,
– Having a heart attack in the family.
Causes such as these are factors that increase the risk of heart attack.
If the complaints are very serious and the patient is unable to move, they should be placed horizontally on the ground and items such as a scarf and tie that tighten their neck should be removed.
If the patient has heart disease, the drug should be given or, if possible, an aspirin should be chewed and swallowed. Afterwards, 112 should be called for help without wasting any time.
In our country, cardiovascular diseases are treated in cardiology centers of hospitals. The type of treatment also varies according to the condition of the patient and the type of heart attack. The risk of heart attack is very low after early diagnosis and treatment.
The opening of the obstructive vessel that causes heart attack is the main basis of heart attack treatment. This obstruction may be in the form of drugs given to dissolve the clot that has occluded the vessel, or it can be in the form of stent or balloon insertion. In some cases, it is performed in operations called bypass.
Author: Funda Ergenekon